Room Air Conditioners
WINDOW AIR CONDITIONERS

If you have a small area to cool in the summer - say, one or two rooms a room air conditioner may be a more economical choice than a central air conditioning unit. It will cost less initially and it will cost less to operate in the long run.

Most room air conditioners sit in a window where they can exhaust warm air to the outside. Window installations can be drafty, however, so at the end of the warm weather season some people remove the unit from the window and store it for the winter. Room air conditioners can also be built into the wall for a more permanent installation.

Keep in mind that, when choosing a room air conditioner, size is important. A unit that is too small will run continually without cooling the room effectively. On the other hand, if you buy a unit that's too large for the space you're cooling, it actually will be less effective than one that's the correct size. Bigger isn't necessarily better.

Air conditioners work by removing both heat and humidity. Humidity condenses from the air when it passes over the air conditioner's cooling coils. So a unit that is too big will cool the room so quickly that it won't have the opportunity to remove as much humidity from the air as it should. As a result, the unit will keep turning off and on and the room will feel damp, clammy and less comfortable. A properly sized unit, on the other hand, will remove humidity effectively as it cools.

Also remember that larger units cost more and use additional energy. Running a smaller unit for a longer period of time will use less energy to completely cool a room than running a larger unit for a shorter time.

SPLIT AIR CONDITIONERS

A split air conditioning unit is one that has the two main components separate from each other, with one being inside the building, and the other being outside. A central airconditioning unit is nearly always a split air conditioning unit. There are also air conditioning units called mini split air conditioners. These units operate in a very similar way, but do not use ducts to send the air. These may provide single room air conditioning, or cooling for multiple rooms, and are often called ductless air conditioning units.

The two main components of a split air conditioning system have different functions. The unit situated outdoors, called a compressor, cools the air and handles condensation. This saves the trouble of having to find a way to drain the water created from the air conditioning process indoors. The inside unit, called the blower, is responsible for distributing the air to the rest of the house. This is done through a forced-air system, usually using a fan and a series of ducts that distribute cool air to each room in the home with a vent. An intake vent will return air to the unit.

 

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